Grid modernization is having a profound impact on the nature and regulation of North American utilities. It represents a significant change to the way energy is managed, distributed, and used—today and in the future. As Environmental, Social, and Governance (ESG) targets become increasingly important to energy investors and regulators, how can organizations transform their asset investment planning and management (AIPM) processes to overcome challenges and take advantage of emerging opportunities?
The energy transition refers to the global energy sector’s shift from fossil-based systems of energy production and consumption to renewable energy sources like wind and solar, as well as long-term energy storage such as batteries. The increasing penetration of renewable energy into the energy supply mix and the onset of electrification and improvements in energy storage are key drivers of the energy transition.
Grid modernization is a subset of the energy transition and refers to changes needed in the electric transmission and distribution (T&D) systems to accommodate these rapid and innovative technological changes. Grid modernization often necessitates the increased application of sensors, computers, and communications to increase the intelligence of the grid and its ability to respond swiftly to external factors. The main goals of the grid are to provide the capacity, reliability, and flexibility needed to adapt to a whole range of new technologies (in the drive to net zero), while maintaining a comparable level of service and cost to the end customer.
Grid modernization projects are driven by both climate resiliency through hardening of assets and changes to the T&D network to accommodate climate mitigation strategies. There are 3 broad categories for these types of projects:
- Climate Resilience and Infrastructure Hardening
- These investments cover physical improvements to T&D assets to reduce outages or damage, and enhanced system capabilities in the areas of flood resistance, storm hardening, wildfire risk mitigation, and cyber security.
- Smart Grid and Distribution System Modernization
- Projects in this area cover advanced grid technologies that enable two‐way communication, self‐healing, and autonomous restoration (using digital sensors and switches with advanced control and communication technologies). Advanced metering and communication infrastructure is also included in this category.
- Distributed Energy Resource (DER) Optimization
- These projects cover grid modifications required to support the integration of resources such as microgrids, distributed solar, wind and storage (hydrogen, battery), as well as the inclusion of electric vehicle (EV) charging infrastructure.
Valuing Innovative Projects
The changing demands dictated by grid modernization will require organizations to strike the right balance between cost-effectively managing the current business and investing appropriately to meet future demands. Organizations are already seeing an increase in both the volume and variety of grid modernization projects. This is leading to increased planning complexity, requiring utilities to demonstrate that they are spending their limited budgets and resources to maximize value and drive their ESG and performance targets.
At Copperleaf®, we believe a value-based approach to investment decision making is key to establishing a common basis to evaluate potential investment opportunities and meet the challenges of grid modernization. The key to achieving your organization’s grid modernization goals is building a multi-year plan that breaks the work into executable chunks. This ensures adequate funding and resources are available to carry out the plan in the short-term, resulting in incremental progress toward longer-term objectives. With a value-based decision-making approach, organizations can ensure they are making the right grid modernization investments—and justify their plans to internal and external stakeholders.
Align Decisions with Strategic Objectives
Copperleaf helps business leaders develop frameworks to value all proposed investments and understand how they contribute to their short- and long-term grid modernization initiatives and broader energy transition goals. These frameworks leverage sophisticated AI techniques to truly optimize investment plans against rapidly changing requirements and expectations. Additionally, the models used to build these frameworks are added to the Copperleaf Value Model Library, a dynamic collection of best-practice value models that have been proven and accepted by industry organizations and regulatory bodies. This constantly evolving body of knowledge helps new clients streamline the implementation of a value-based decision-making approach and ensures their value framework will continue to be aligned with industry best practices in the future.
Copperleaf’s Decision Analytics Solution is already equipped to optimize value for your business, by leveraging your definition of value in a world driven by grid modernization and net-zero targets. Our whole business is focused on helping organizations respond to stakeholder pressures—with decision analytics and a proven methodology for defining and assessing value through the Copperleaf Value Framework. Scenario analysis capabilities make it easy to evaluate different investment strategies and quickly converge on a recommended plan.
Read our webinar recap to learn how leading utilities are applying the principles of value-based decision making to the challenges of grid modernization.